Everything You Need To Know About Gingivitis

 

Remember To Brush Everyday, Kids

 

What is Gingivitis? Well, it is a condition that is characterized by the inflammation of the gums. It is usually caused by a thin film of bacteria or plaque that accumulates around the teeth.

In some cases, Gingivitis is a non-destructive periodontal condition, but if left untreated, Gingivitis may lead to periodontitis which is a much more severe condition that would eventually lead to teeth loss.

Usual signs of Gingivitis include puffy and red gums that usually bleeds quite easily just by following common tooth brushing habits.

The simple type of Gingivitis would normally be fixed by good oral hygiene. This means that you brush your teeth at least twice a day and using an antiseptic mouthwash can also help as well.

 

Types

There are two main different types of Gingivitis. They are:

  • Plaque-Induced- They can often be triggered by plaque, malnutrition, side effects of certain medications, and even some systemic factors.
  • Non-Plaque Induced- This type of gingivitis is not caused by plaque but rather from other factors, including viruses, fungi, some specific types of bacteria, reactions to foreign pathogens, dentures, and even genetic factors as well.

 

Causes

Gingivitis is normally caused by the plaque that accumulates within the area surrounding the teeth (or on the teeth itself). The plaque is a combination of bacteria that would trigger an immune response which would lead to the possible destruction of the gums. If left untreated, it would lead to the loss of teeth.

Although the bacteria that are found on dental plaque may provide some benefits, it can also lead to other dental problems as well, such as tooth decay and gingivitis.

If a person does not follow good dental hygiene, the plaque would normally harden and would then stick at the base of the teeth. This often has a yellow color to it and the only way for you to remove it is to have a dentist do so.

The accumulation of plaque, as well as tartar, may lead to the inflammation of the gums and would even bleed even when you brush your teeth as you normally would.

Other possible causes of Gingivitis include a change in hormones (as a result of puberty or menopause), it can also be caused by certain medical conditions such as HIV, cancer, and diabetes.

Some oral medications can also induce gingivitis, especially if these medicines would affect the production and flow of saliva. Poor diet and excessive smoking can also lead to the condition as well.

 

Symptoms

Some symptoms of Gingivitis include:

  • Bleeding gums as a result of flossing or brushing
  • Soft gums
  • Bad breath
  • Tender gums
  • Gums with a bright red or purple color
  • Inflammation

 

Treatment

Gingivitis would require early detection so that treatment can be more effective. It would require the help of a professional for the successful removal of plaque and tartar that might have accumulated on your teeth.

Dentists would do a process known as Scaling in which both tartar and plaque are removed. The process can either be painful or not depending on the severity of the inflammation.

Nowadays, stem cell treatment is also an option for the people who want to cure their gingivitis. Stem cells are injected into the infected areas and sealed, which promotes tissue regeneration.

People are also advised to brush their teeth at least twice a day. If possible, use an electric toothbrush to make the cleaning more effective. Flossing is also quite important and if that is not possible, use an antiseptic mouthwash.